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AVAL KM 16

AVAL KM 16

flexible adhesive (C2TE type)

AVAL KM 16
P1  na ściany P1 na ściany
P2  na podłogi P2 na podłogi
P3  do wewnątrz P3 do wewnątrz
P4  na zewnątrz P4 na zewnątrz
W1  mrozoodporność W1 mrozoodporność
W2  wodoodporność W2 wodoodporność
D3 wejście po 24h D3 wejście po 24h
D11 grubość na ścianie 2-10mm D11 grubość na ścianie 2-10mm
N2  paca stalowa zębata N2 paca stalowa zębata

Product description

Recommended for heavy duty applications – involving difficult substrates or exposure to adverse weather conditions.
Ideal for coverings exposed to deformations – highly flexible, the adhesive compensates:
• thermal stress - on balconies, in underfloor or wall heating systems (AVAL KM 17 (ATLAS PLUS), an S1 class adhesive is recommended for use on terraces),
• mechanical stress – on plasterboards, gypsum or cement-bound particleboard, and damp proof membranes, such as AVAL KL 51 (ATLAS WODER E) or ATLAS WODER DUO.
Enables tile fixing to difficult substrates - e.g. terrazzo.

Main properties

  • good adhesion
  • high flexibility
  • for glazed tiles, terracotta, gres-porcelain tiles
  • for floor and wall heating
  • for difficult substrates – i.a. plasterboards
  • extended open time

Main parameters

  • consumption: ca. 1.5 kg of dry mix / 1 m² / 1 mm adhesive layer
  • bed thickness: 2 - 10 mm
  • high adhesion: ≥ 1 N/mm²

OPTIMAL FORMULA

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Because of its optimum formulation, AVAL KM 16 provides excellent flexibility and adhesion at a competitive price.

USE

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Recommended for heavy duty applications – involving difficult substrates or exposure to adverse weather conditions.
Ideal for coverings exposed to deformations – highly flexible, the adhesive compensates:
• thermal stress - on balconies, in underfloor or wall heating systems (AVAL KM 17 (ATLAS PLUS), an S1 class adhesive is recommended for use on terraces),
• mechanical stress – on plasterboards, gypsum or cement-bound particleboard, and damp proof membranes, such as AVAL KL 51 (ATLAS WODER E) or ATLAS WODER DUO.
Enables tile fixing to difficult substrates - e.g. terrazzo.
Types of substrates – all listed above difficult or deformable substrates as well as plastered and non-plastered walls of blocks, hollow brick, brick and cement and anhydrite screeds.
Types of tiles – low, medium and large size ceramic (glazing tiles, terracotta, mosaic), cement, stoneware. etc. tiles.

PROPERTIES

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Bed thickness between 2 and 10 mm - enables tile fixing to slightly uneven substrates.
Improved adhesion – at least 1 N/mm².
Fixing tiles from top to bottom thanks to reduced slip – optimum consistency and bed thickness, according to recommendations, eliminates slip and enables tile fixing from the top edge of the wall, thus eliminating the need to place cut tiles on the exposed surface.

TECHNICAL DATA

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AVAL KM 16 is manufactured as a dry mix of top quality cement binder, aggregate and specially selected modifiers.
 
Bulk density (of dry mix)
ca. 1.35 kg/dm³
Wet density (after mixing)
ca. 1.60 kg/dm³
Dry density (after setting)
ca. 1.45 kg/dm³
Mixing proportions (water/dry mix)
0.25 – 0.27 l / 1 kg
6.50 - 6.75 l / 25 kg
Min./max. bed thickness
2 mm / 10 mm
Adhesive preparation temperature, substrate
and ambient temperature during work
from +5°C to +25°C
Maturing time
ca. 5 minutes
Pot life
ca. 4 hours
Open time
min. 30 minutes
Tile adjustment time
20 minutes
Floor access
after ca. 24 hours
Grouting
after ca. 24 hours
Full load
after ca. 3 days
 
The time shown in the table is recommended for the application at temperature 23 ° C and humidity 55% (approx.).

TECHNICAL REQUIREMENTS

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The product conforms to EN 12004 + A1:2012 standard for C2TE class adhesive. EC Declaration of Performance No. KM 16/CPR.
CE 2007, 0767
EN 12004:2007 + A1:2012
Cement-based adhesive of enhanced parameters,
extended open time and reduced slip,
for indoor and outdoor use, for walls and floors
C2TE type
Reaction to fire – class
A1
A1fl
Tensile adhesion strength
- initial adhesion
≥ 1.0 N/mm²
Durability - adhesion after:
- thermal ageing
- water immersion
- freeze-thaw cycles
≥ 1.0 N/mm²
≥ 1.0 N/mm²
≥ 1.0 N/mm²
Open time - tensile adhesion after time not shorter than 30 minutes
≥ 0.5 N/mm²
Slip
≤ 0.5 mm
Release - hazardous substances
See: Safety Data Sheet

APPLICATION

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Substrate preparation
The substrate should be:
• stable – sufficiently rigid and sufficiently long stabilized. The stabilizing time is, respectively:
- for new plasters made of ready-to-use ATLAS mortars - min. 1 week for each 1 cm of thickness,
− for ATLAS POSTAR 80, ATLAS SMS 15 and ATLAS SMS 30 subfloors – min. 24 hours,
− for ATLAS POSTAR 20 screed - min. 4-5 days,
− for self-leveling compounds ATLAS TERPLAN N or ATLAS TERPLAN R - min. 3 days
− for anhydrite jointless floors – at least 2 – 3 weeks,
− for concrete substrates, at least 28 days,
dry or matt-wet,
• even – maximum adhesive thickness is 10 mm, for the substrate leveling use, e.g. ATLAS ZW 330 mortar,
clean – free from layers that can deteriorate the adhesiveness, especially dust, dirt, lime, oils, greases, wax, residues of oil and emulsion paints; a substrate covered with algae, fungi, etc. must be cleaned with ATLAS MYKOS agent.
primed with one of ATLAS primers:
Cement substrates:
−AVAL KT 17 (ATLAS UNI-GRUNT) or AVAL KN 97 (ATLAS UNI-GRUNT PLUS) – if the substrate is excessively absorptive,
−GRUNTO-PLAST – if the substrate absorptivity is low, or it is covered with layers limiting the strength of adhesion.
Gypsum plasters and anhydrite screeds strictly require, before tiles fixing, priming with AVAL KT 17 (ATLAS UNI-GRUNT) emulsion or ATLAS GRUNTO-PLAST compound.
Adhesive preparation
Pour the adhesive from the bag into a container with the suitable amount of water (see Technical Data for proportions) and mix, using a drill with a mixer, until homogenous. The dispersed adhesive should be left to rest for 5 minutes and then remixed. So prepared adhesive should be used up within ca. 4 hours.
Adhesive application
The adhesive should be applied to the surface with a steel trowel or a smooth float and then distributed evenly and shaped (possibly in one direction) using a notched trowel.
Placing the tile
After the application, the adhesive retains its properties for ca. 30 minutes (at ambient temperature ca. 23 °C and 55 % humidity). Within this time, the tile must be placed and pressed well against it. The contact surface with the adhesive should be as large as possible - min. 2/3 of the surface of the tile. For floor tiles and for glazing made outdoors, it is recommended that the adhesion surface be complete. The excess of adhesive appearing in the joints in pressing the tiles should be removed immediately.
Tile adjustment
The position of a tile can be adjusted with delicate moving it along the bonding plane. It can be done for about 10 minutes after it is pressed (at temperature ca. 23 °C and 55 % humidity).
Grouting and using the tiled floor
Foot traffic and grouting can start after approx. 24 hours from the tiles fixing. The adhesive achieves its functional strength after 3 days.

CONSUMPTION

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Average consumption: ca. 1.5 kg of dry mix / 1 m² / 1 mm adhesive layer – for complete filling the space under the tile. It depends on the smoothness of the surface and the bottom side of the tile.
 

 

Tile size
Trowel notch size
[mm]
Thickness of
adhesive layer
[mm]
2/3 surface contact
[kg/m²]
Full surface contact
[kg/m²]
mosaic up to 2 × 2 cm
4.0
2.0
2.0
3.0
small size
up to 10 × 10 cm
4.0 – 6.0
3.0
3.0
4.5
medium size
up to 30 × 30 cm
6.0 – 8.0
4.0
4.0
6.0
large size
more than 30 × 30 cm
> 10.0
10.0
10.0
15.0

 

IMPORTANT ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

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• The tiles must not be soaked before fixing. When determining the adhesive thickness under the cladding, one should consider the geometric deviation of tiles shape, e.g. plane warpage. Tiles subject to discoulouration in contact with grey cement should be applied with the use of adhesives based on white cement binder.
• Open time – from the moment of application of the adhesive to the moment of placing the tiles upon it – is limited and depends on the absorptiveness of the substrate and temperature and humidity of the environment. In order to check if it is still possible to fix tiles, performing a test is recommended. It consists in pressing your fingers against the adhesive. If the adhesive remains on the fingers, you may fix tiles. If the fingers are clean, the old layer of the adhesive has to be removed and a new one applied.
• The tools must be cleaned with clean water directly after use. Difficult to remove residues of the set adhesive can be removed with the ATLAS SZOP agent.
• DANGER. Contains cement. May cause respiratory irritation. Causes skin irritation. Causes serious eye damage. May cause an allergic skin reaction. Keep out of reach of children. Avoid breathing dust. Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water/shower. If skin irritation or a rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention. IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing. Follow the instructions of the Safety Data Sheet.
• Content of soluble chromium (VI) in ready-to-use mix - ≤ 0.0002%.

TRANSPORT & STORAGE

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The adhesive must be transported and stored in tightly sealed bags, in dry conditions (most preferably on pallets). Protect against humidity. Shelf life in conditions as specified is 12 months from the production date shown on the packaging.

PACKAGING

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Paper bags: 25 kg
Pallet: 1050 kg in 25 kg bags

CAUTION

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The above information constitutes basic guidelines for the application of the product and does not release the user from the obligation of carrying out works according to engineering principles and OHS regulations.
At the time of publication of this product data sheet all previous ones become void.
Date of update: 2015-02-04
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AVAL KM 16
AVAL KM 16
flexible adhesive (C2TE type)

Current documentation